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How to Recycle your old Appliances

When you want to renovate your home or install a new kitchen, for example, you naturally bring your construction site waste to the recycling park. But your old appliances, like a fridge or microwave, often disappear in the basement, attic or garage. It is not harmful to the environment, but there is a way to do much better!

The reusable materials that your devices contain deserve to be exploited. So bring your used appliances back to one of your close by recycling points, to the nearest recycling center or to a reuse center. And take advantage of your renovation projects to recycle these objects well.

Save the raw materials

Electronic devices contain many useful materials like plastic, ordinary metal like iron or sometimes rare metals like gold and silver, for example. They can be used again up to 98%! This is called urban mining and is a far more sustainable way of exploiting raw materials than extracting them from the earth through conventional mining. All the more reason not to throw away your used devices or leave them lying around in the bottom of a cabinet. By recycling properly, you protect the environment from pollution and allow your waste to be transformed into raw materials to be used again. Everybody wins!

There are three ways to recycle.

In Chicago, each retailer of electronic devices is subject to a take-back obligation. They are therefore legally obliged to collect and process used appliances from their customers when they want to replace them and buy new ones. It doesn’t matter if you bought the device elsewhere or if the brand of the used device is not sold in this store. And if your new device is delivered to your home, the merchant is also obliged to take back your old device.

You can also bring your used devices and your lamps to a recycling center in the store or to the recycling park. Finally if they still work, you can give them a second life in a reuse center and give them to another family.

If you have a large quantity of these old appliances at your home or business location, then it might be a good idea to hire the services of a dumpster rental company specialized in junk removal. They will bring a roll-off dumpster to your location, and you can dump all this junk at once inside the bin. Then they will take it away for you and bring it to the recycling center.
Find your label! recycling companies have specially created a label “Here we recycle well”, for the moment reserved for retailers of fridges and freezers. It offers you the guarantee that each fridge or freezer taken back will be properly recycled. We consider these stores as true partners to a sustainable environment. They are also part of the recycling collection points.

Recycling costs you nothing, so why do do it? Are you building or renovating? Gather all your used devices and your lamps and bring them to your nearest recycling point or to the nearest recycling park. If you have devices that are still working but are no longer in use, give them to a reuse center or a social economy organization. It will take little effort, it’s free and the environment will thank you! Thank you for helping us contribute.

Why Real Estate Agents Fail in the Initial Years

Statistics say that about 87% of all real estate agents fail in the first five years or so of being in business. Despite being in business for some time, if your sales are not looking up, then you might want to know the reasons behind such low sales so that you can remedy the same.

This article will tell you about the reasons as to why real estate agents fail in the few years.

Additional Costs

Often in the first few years, real estate agents do not really anticipate the additional expenses like taxes, marketing cost, commission cuts, training costs, and other expenses that should be deducted from actual income from sales. Thus, their incomes are low in the first few days.

Because an individual real estate agent might not be able to afford all these additional costs, it is better for her to join a team of real estate agents. Even though this necessarily means sharing of commissions and profits, it also means less overhead expenses will have to be borne by one person.

Common Problems

Sometimes real estate agents fail to concentrate on important things like leads because they are taken up by too many things. They listen to advice from people who have never even sold real estate or are not competent enough, without really knowing it.

Sometimes, they over-estimate their short-term income potential and sometimes they end up under-estimating their long-term income potential. There are some of the most common problems that plague real estate agents today.

Sometimes agents are neither punctual nor consistent and have bad work ethic, coupled poor working habits. They are late and do not follow up on clients. They suck on following up, are reluctant to take calls and often they are not honest to their clients. This affects their business.

However, there are some solutions that could potentially help you to bypass these problems.

Firstly, as stated before, join a team of successful and well-established real estate agents. This way, you can access training sessions, have some people to support you when you are low, can collectively generate newer and better leads and have more access to a pre-existing infrastructure without bearing any new cost.

Keep working hard at your real estate business during the first few years and seek advice only from those real estate agents who know the tricks of the trade.

Spend more time on reading up and doing your own research so that you know what you are talking about and clients will be more convinced about your authenticity, knowledge and more inclined to clinch a deal. Be authentic and instead of lying to your clients, tell them clearly about shortcomings in the property so that they are able to make a fair bargain on the investment.

Do not take your clients for granted and keep in constant touch with them so as to show them that you care about them and are consistent enough to follow through on the sales.

Hazardous waste treatment

Half of the hazardous waste is processed by the industrial plants that produce it, the rest is transported to specialized collective centers. Do you know how it is treated then?

1. Incineration

The requirements applicable to incineration plants with respect to air emissions, aqueous discharges and solid residues are the same regardless of whether the waste treated is hazardous or non-hazardous.

On the other hand, special provisions are laid down concerning the methods of acceptance and reception of waste and combustion conditions. It is toxic when the installation incinerates hazardous waste. In Missouri, there are 16 collective centers for the incineration of hazardous waste, 13 centers specialized in evapo-incineration and more than 25 co-incineration facilities (mainly cement plants). In 2017, nearly 1.9 million tonnes of hazardous waste were handled by these three types of plants: 48% in dedicated centers, 40% in co-incineration plants and 12% in evapo facilities.

Not everyone in Kansas City is aware of all the waste management work required to make sure the residents can live in a clean and safe environment. If you live in the region you can rent a dumpter in Kansas City to remove all your unwanted waste materials including hazardous waste. But in the case of hazardous waste, extra precautions are needed and you will probably require an official authorization.

2. Storage

Some waste cannot be recovered under acceptable economic or technical conditions and because some areas are not equipped with an energy recovery center, this waste is then stored.

Waste is considered hazardous if it has one or more of the following properties: explosive, oxidizing, flammable, irritant, harmful, toxic, carcinogenic, corrosive, infectious, toxic for reproduction, mutagenic or ecotoxic.

Burial or storage will be reserved for the so-called ultimate waste from which the recoverable part has been extracted. Any waste that cannot be subject to organic recovery or as material is considered as ultimate.

The Ultimate Waste Storage Centers, formerly known as landfill sites, are classified into three categories, depending on the type of waste accepted.

Class 1 CSDU

Such a center is dedicated to hazardous waste, it receives industrial waste or the residues of the purification of incineration fumes from household waste and the sludge resulting from the decontamination of the flue-washing water. These toxic wastes are stabilized before storage to prevent any evolution of residues in the very long term.

The waste is stabilized with hydraulic binders or vitrification. A waste is considered stabilized when its permeability to water and its leachable fraction (lixiviation: any operation of subjecting a matrix -solid, pasty, pulverulent to the action of a solvent, generally water) were reduced and when its mechanical strength was improved. The waste is then buried.

CSDU 1 ensures waste containment by a geological barrier of at least 5 m with a permeability coefficient of less than 10-9 m / s and a geomembrane on the bottom and blanks of the facility. Leachate is drained and directed to a treatment plant. An impermeable screen (geomembrane + geological barrier) covers the site.

Class 2 CSDU

It accommodates non-hazardous waste: residual household waste, bulky non-recovered waste, refusal to sort selective collection or composting. It meets strict regulations for the recovery of biogas, rainwater drainage, leachate recovery, underground waterproofing and monitoring the quality of groundwater.

Class 3 CSDU

It is reserved for inert waste, such as rubble.


Historically, this technique widely used in the nuclear field, was designed to react all the water free of waste with the binder, to give it a certain physical structure. Today, solidification brings together all the techniques that tend to give waste a certain physical structure.

Chemical fixation

A technique which consists in the immobilization of pollutants in a matrix, because of the formation of chemical bonds between the pollutants and the matrix compounds (for example: insolubilization of cations in the form of silicates, formation of aluminates, complexation of ion …).

Physical fixation, embedding or encapsulation

A technique which consists in enclosing in a sealed gangue the polluting components of the waste (micro-encapsulation in the case of an intimate mixture between waste and binder) or the totality of the waste (macro-encapsulation if the waste, already possibly treated is coated in its entirety).


Vitrification is a principle consisting of a physico-chemical retention of the pollutants of a waste in a vitreous matrix, obtained by a high temperature treatment. Such vitrification is obtained thanks to the clean components of the waste, as well as by possible additions.

Why different processes?

One of the peculiarities of one process with respect to the others is the nature of the reagents employed (inorganic and or organic) and possibly the additives which are very often added. The role of the additives is to complete the action of the binders in order to confer on the stabilized waste a certain number of physicochemical properties compatible with a desired objective of quality.

Processes using inorganic binders may be referred to as stabilization – solidification processes. It is then considered that chemical fixation and solidification will occur.

The processes using organic binders are coating processes. The so-called vitrification processes are most often stabilization – solidification processes. However, poor vitrification can lead to the only encapsulation of pollutants. Some vitrified waste can be valorized for example in road works.

Things you need to know about social media and SEO

Social media marketing and SEO may be two different things, but they are tightly interwoven strategies and more connected than most think. The reason behind this is that both focus on building identities as naturally as possible to attract users and potentially convert them to customers.

With the help of a high brand presence from social media, you can attract many visitors to your website and increase your search rankings in the search engine results page (SERPs).

Below are five different ways how social media improves your SEO campaign and boost your ranking in Google.

  1. Use of Shareable Links

How many times have you scrolled your Facebook feed and clicked on an article that you wanted to read? This is how social media can help boost your SEO campaign.

When you post a link to your blog in these platforms, you provide access to your content and create more opportunities for people to see what your post is all about. If it peaks the reader’s interest, then you might have gotten yourself a new follower that could potentially convert into a customer.

  1. Builds An Audience

About 300-500 new websites are being created each minute. With the number of competitors out there, you need to find other ways to reach out to people – and that is to build an audience through social media. It is an efficient platform to introduce and develop your brand. It puts you in front of people who otherwise wouldn’t have found you.

There are about 2 billion users on Facebook today. Because of its worldwide reach and natural sharing capabilities, this is an excellent place to build your online presence and introduce yourself to more people. Social media helps create brand awareness, which increases the likelihood of people clicking on your content in Google search results.

  1. Use of Branded Searches

Let us assume that your brand has become quite famous on social media. When consumers try to google your brand name with a keyword or keyword phrase, this can help you rank for similar keywords.

For example, your social media followers have started googling your brand and used the keyword phrase “yourbrandname shoes.” Assuming that these people have interacted well on your website before, Google will think that since your website ranked pretty well with the keyword phrase “yourbrandname shoes”, and received great website activity from visitors, then Google could place you higher for the keyword “shoes”.

  1. Index Older Posts

If you have just been recently getting some traction, you can still use older posts on your website to improve your ranking and keep your social media followers engaged. You can post the link to your older posts in social media to help them get indexed.

  1. Helps With Promotion

Let us talk about Youtube. Youtube is the second most-searched search engine today. Although most Youtube search queries are typically low in commercial-intent, you can still use it to influence your SEO campaign positively.

You can create tutorials or informative videos and promote your brand by putting the link in the description box, which can ultimately lead them to your website. Furthermore, your videos can also potentially rank better and organically in search engine results page.

In general users on Youtube, Facebook and Twitter think about their hobbies and interests more. If you produce content that taps into these, then you will gain better website engagement. You can provide guidelines, DIY hacks, humorous or controversial content.

Nowadays social media marketing (SEM) and SEO go hand in hand. As google wants to deliver search results that are relevant to the surfers, and as a serious brand normally has a social presence, it is best to have some form of social activity if you want your online business to thrive. In order to rank higher in google, it is recommended to have some social activity as this is the thing a respected online brand is expected to do.

Nobody knows for sure how Google tracks social media responses to your website. But it is clear that social media can help boost your SEO efforts and can deliver long-term benefits.

Even though social media is not a direct ranking factor in Google, it is still one of the best ways to promote content and increase brand awareness – which are also related to search engine optimization.

The Causes Of Back Pain In Females

There are a number of causes of back pain in women. While some of these factors are specific to women, more often than not, most of these problems affect men and women equally.

It has been observed that one of the most common causes of back pain is excessive weight. Needless to say, being overweight increases the risk of developing back pain. People who have a lot of extra weight around their midsection are more likely to suffer from back pain as this extra weight causes a lot of stress on the lower back muscles, joints, ligaments and bones.

Sometimes, excessive weight may cause a pinched nerve or a herniated disc. So if you are suffering from back pain and are overweight, your best bet to get relief from back pain is to try and lose weight. There are several online resources that can help you lose weight in a safe manner when you are suffering from back pain, so check google for that.

Another common cause of back pain is a sedentary lifestyle. Today’s economy requires most people to spend a lot of time sitting at the same place all day long. This sedentary life usually leads to weakened muscles and increased stiffness which often brings on the back pain. The best way to find relief from back pain is to exercise on a regular basis and strengthen your muscles in the back and abdomen, the so-called core, in order to provide better support for yourspine.

It is also important to maintain a good posture if you spend a lot of time in your office sitting on a chair. Many doctors are of the opinion that most people do not sit in the right manner and maintain an incorrect posture that leads to back pain.

Unnecessary stress combined with too little sleep and too little exercise also leads to muscle tightness and other back problems. Therefore, it is important to exercise on a daily basis and do relaxation and breathing exercises to get relief from stress which in turn provides relief from back pain.

One of the most common causes of back pain in women is pregnancy. The body of a woman undergoes a lot of changes emotionally as well as physically during pregnancy. Their body begins to change for accommodating the growing fetus, as the pregnancy progresses. It also leads to some movement of various bones and vital organs.

The additional weight puts a lot of stress on the lower back and this is when most women develop some form of lower back pain. There are certain exercises as well as some tools available in the fitness and health market that can help women find relief from back pain during pregnancy. However, it is important that they should consult their doctor before they begin doing any exercise or start using any special kind of pillows or other devices to get relief from back pain.

Back pain may also be caused by degenerative discs. The discs provide cushion between the vertebrae in the spine. These discs become thinner with age and lose their shock absorbing capacity which means less cushioning and this leads to pain. Similarly, a ruptured disc also leads to back pain.

Overall, these are some of the major causes of back pain in women but there are several things the ladies can do to find relief from back pain. The key to finding relief from back pain is to maintain a healthy diet and to exercise on a regular basis.

It is also important that you keep a correct posture and do not spend too much time in a sedentary position if you want to keep back pain at bay. Sometimes, doing exercises in the wrong manner may also need to back pain.

Therefore, it is important that you take proper precautions while exercising and maintain the right form in order to keep back pain away.

About Panama Coffee

Why is Panama coffee so good?

The most important resource that makes this Special Panamanian Coffee unique is its microclimate. The east-west setting of the Republic of Panama allows the cold air currents that flow through the Central Mountain Range to converge at more than 6,500 feet, creating a great variety of different microclimates in the regions of Boquete and Volcán, Panama. These Special Coffees are cultivated in these richly nutritious and balanced lands located in the area of the Baru volcano.

The Special Coffees of Panama are classified and numbered by micro lots that are designed in small volumes for optimal management and that permits the buyer to know all the process information and tracing. These high lands have the microclimates, soil, temperature and height adequate for the sowing, cultivating and harvesting of a great variety of Special Coffees with uncultivated flower themes, jasmine, mandarin, ripe fruit, berries, caramel, special sweet, vanilla and chocolate.

You can visit some estate’s at different elevations, different mico-climates, and plantations that use different growing and processing methods. You will taste the coffee from each estate you visit, have a chance to compare the different varieties, and bring home coffee you cannot buy anywhere else in the world.

Processing of coffee is the method converting the raw fruit (cherry) of the coffee plant into the commodity green coffee. The cherry has the fruit or pulp removed leaving the seed or bean which is then dried. While all green coffee is processed, the method that is used varies and can have a significant effect on the flavor of roasted and brewed coffee.

In the Wet Process, the fruit covering the seeds/beans is removed before they are dried. Coffee processed by the wet method is called wet processed or washed coffee. The wet method requires the use of specific equipment and substantial quantities of water. The dry process, also known as unwashed or natural coffee, is the oldest method of processing coffee. The entire cherry after harvest is first cleaned and then placed in the sun to dry on tables or in thin layers on patios.

The dry method is used for about 95% of the Arabica coffee produced in Brazil, most of the coffees produced in Ethiopia, Haiti and Paraguay, as well as for some Arabicas produced in India and Ecuador. Almost all Robustas are processed by this method.

As the green coffee bean is more stable when unroasted, the roasting process tends to take place close to where it will be consumed. This reduces the time that roasted coffee spends in distribution, helping to maximize its shelf life. At lighter roasts, the bean will exhibit more of its “origin flavor” – the flavors created in the bean by the soil and weather conditions in the location where it was grown.

Coffee beans from famous regions like Panama, Kenya, Hawaiian Kona, and Jamaican Blue Mountain are usually roasted lightly so their signature characteristics dominate the flavor. As the beans darken to a deep brown, the origin flavors of the bean are eclipsed by the flavors created by the roasting process itself.

A note on flavor: describing the tastes of different roasts is as subjective as putting a wine into words. In both cases there’s no substitute for your own personal taste. As a guide, if you can see the oil on the beans, as in the image above, you are more likely to taste the roasting flavors, than the individual characteristics of the beans. Panama produces great Specialty and Gourmet Coffee that can be found in the U.S.

See the processing and taste the coffee: the first coffee tasting tour in Panama designed after the Napa Valley wine tasting tours. Why don’t you tour some of Panama’s award winning, very private, exquisite, coffee estates. During such a tour you can visit three different estate’s, while driving through the lush cloud forest and mountain sides that have made Panama Coffee number one in the world. You will have the opportunity to purchase the hard to find, private estate coffee, at the source.

You can also learn how to identify the different coffee’s by region; what aroma and body mean to fully enjoy a cup of coffee; how to detect what flavors you are tasting such as; jasmine, chocolate, citrus, or fruit. Gain a better understanding of what to look for and how to buy the best coffee value when you return home.

Visit a high elevation Boquete mountain coffee plantation, see the beneficio (processing mill), and taste several micro-roasted estate coffee’s. This adventure is designed to travel to different regions of Boquete, Panama to taste single estate boutique coffee and takes 4 to 5 hours. Most coffee estates are closed on Saturday afternoon and all day Sunday.

FDA approves a weight loss device

Last week, some doctors assembled and made threats of suing an agency that made the newly FDA approved weight loss device. The group is attempting to collect 4,000 physician signatures. According to them, AspireAssist is not safe and may only result to eating disorder. The device allows the users to pump some of the food they just consumed directly from their stomachs into the toilet.

An endocrinologist and dialectologist from Pembroke Pines, Florida named Joseph Gutman, questioned the decision of the FDA. He said “This is the first time that I look at a device that was approved by the FDA and I am absolutely, utterly, and totally appalled that it was approved.” Dr. Gutman has treated patients with obesity for more than three decades. He wants to take the said weight loss device off the market. He strongly believes that AspireAssist is the “most pathetic exhibition of ignorance on the part of our agency, the FDA. It is nothing but a bad trick. It’s like a bad joke.”

FDA based their decision on a one-year study of 111 individuals. Patients with eating disorders should not have this.

To start using the product, the patient must undergo a tube surgically implanted through his abdomen into his stomach. A port valve is used to make an opening just above the belly button. The patients can close or open it to drain the food. They have to wait about 20 to 30 minutes before they can connect the pump to the valve. The food is drained and dumped into the toilet effortlessly.

The entire process may take about 10 minutes and then a patient can remove up to 30% of the calories consumed with a meal. The port valve of the device can cause infections and the tube may leak. Some experts are worried that the device itself might trigger eating disorders. In some aspects, AspireAssist mimics bulimia. This is a disorder where a patient binge eats and then throw up. Instead of throwing up through the throat, you do it through the tube. This is somehow a “mechanized bulimia.” The device makes this kind of eating disorder all right.

But AspireAssist makers are quick to dispute such claim by saying that binge eating is impossible because people should chew their food. If they do not chew enough, the food may get stuck in the tube. The tube is no bigger than a straw.

There are success stories, but there is no enough evidence to say that patients won’t regain the weight after removing the weight loss device. Like the garcinia cambogia extract, most weight management methods require maintenance.

Since patients are required to chew their food, they will need to eat slowly and usually feel full faster. This process makes them eat less. Some got tired of chewing and opt for eating a lesser amount of food.

It is possible that after the device is taken out of your body, patients will have 98% chance to regain all the weight back. Also, AspireAssist gives the impression that a person can eat as much as he wants.

Remember that the implant procedure will last 15 minutes, does not require general anaesthesia. You will likely feel the intolerable pain for about two weeks after getting the tube. FDA released warnings that the procedure may cause risk of infection, nausea, vomiting, bleeding and sores on the interior of the stomach.

The FDA approval means that AspireAssist is considered safe, but by no means should be seen as the most amazing treatment modality. Also, their approval does not mean that this weight loss device is applicable to everyone.

The Life and Influence of George Soros

In his lifetime, George Soros has gone from surviving Nazi tyranny to mastering the global financial industry. At 83, listed as one of the world’s wealthiest persons and a leading global philanthropist, Soros also is an author and a heavy influence on modern socio-economic policies and practices.

George Soros: The Beginning of a Financier

Not much information has been made public about the early life of George Soros. He was born in Hungary on August 12, 1930. He finally left his home country in 1947, escaping both the ravages of Nazi occupation and the effects of early Communism in Hungary.

Soros settled for awhile in England, where he began studying the concept of an open society at the London School of Economics. These studies, which incorporated the analysis of science as a philosophy and an examination of the benefits of free and open societies over totalitarian regimes.

After George Soros graduated in 1952, he went to work at Singer & Friedlander’s, a London-based merchant bank. Eventually he traveled to New York and took a job at F.M. Mayer, a brokerage firm on Wall Street.

He worked for several more financial firms before establishing his own hedge fund in 1973. Six years later he got involved in philanthropy, founding the Open Society Foundations in 1984.

The foundations touch on an umbrella of causes around the world, including helping areas affected by natural disasters, supporting education, funding the arts, and promoting intellectualism in Eastern Europe.

Controversy Surrounding George Soros

George Soros has become associated with savvy, wealthy, and humanitarian social and political policy around the world. Many people credit Soros with being a leading global figure who stands for positive, progressive cultural and financial change.

However, George Soros also is known as “The Man Who Broke the Bank of England” because of his involvement in the 1992 United Kingdom currency crisis. Soros, in fact, has a documented pattern of investment in global economies facing political change that will effect the currency in those economies.

Some of Soros’ political stands also have stirred controversy, such as his support of changing the United States’ “War on Drugs” policy to reflect a decriminalization element in the policy.

Additional controversy has arisen from Soros’ statements that particular policies from both the United States and Israel are leading to sentiments of anti-Semitism around the world.

George Soros: Financier and Global Influencer

Though he is a billionaire and a vital, important figure in both the financial as well as the socio-political spheres, George Soros is not a household name. Still, Soros is a key figure in financial and cultural movements throughout the country, and around the world.

Throughout his career, Soros has combined his penchant for political activism with a passion for the right use of funds and resources. One of the best-known examples is still his manipulation of the British pound in 1992, forcing the Bank of England to de-value the national currency of the United Kingdom.

Many look at George Soros’ rise–and continued triumphs–as inspiration for successful entrepreneurship.

Overall, George Soros has been called a Renaissance man, as well as a jack-of-all-trades because of his varied social and economic interests and achievements. His career is connected to and associated with matters of progressive financial and economic practices and the right and best use of currencies.

The Saw movie

Among the different genre of films, the movies that provide the reverse attraction of sadism and violence are the horror movies. If anything succeeded to draw the audience to the multiplexes post-Scream it is the Saw series. Its gory, eerie setting revolving around captive and hapless prisoners to test their skill and patience to save them caters to the taste of the thriller lovers.

The Plot

Tobin Bell featuring as John Kramer, a lunatic murderer sets traps to kill innocent lives. The only way to escape is to follow his evil design to save them. Adam and Lawrence wake up to find themselves in a dilapidated and discarded bathroom. They are both chained except the third guy who is a corpse lying in a pool of blood. Two tapes tell them to follow some directions to escape from their ordeal. The tape instructs Lawrence to kill Adam before six o’clock if he wants to save his wife Allison and his daughter. To their utter horror they learn that the corpse belongs to another victim who committed suicide before the lethal poison could kill him. Following the signs they find a saw that is meant to cut their feet rather than their chains.


Though the film was not the first of its kind, it was shot in an extremely low budget but managed to draw the attention of moviegoers, and did a box office of $103,096,345 worldwide. Initially Australian director, James Wan and screenplay writer Leigh Whannell had difficulty in finding a producer for their way ward film. Until they came across Twisted Pictures which enabled them to shoot initially with $30,000 and shot on a short schedule of 18 days.

Opinion of the Makers

Leigh Whannell in an interview mentions that the term “torture-porn” which is ascribed to the movie does not affect him much as its popularity has brought him fame. For director Wan it is not so because only a section of the feature film focuses on torture.  Due to stringent financial condition of the film, the duo got to experiment with lot of innovative ideas, like, shooting in an elevator with the help of security cameras. What both the creators unanimously agreed upon is the role of music. The score provides some extra thrill and enhances the horrifying factor of the movie. The sound track was composed by Charlie Clouser in six weeks.

The Result

Renowned actor Cary Elwes posed as Lawrence whereas Leigh Whannell himself as Adam. Together they did an outstanding job that broke all box office records in the first week of its release with a gross collection of $18.2 million.

Sequels of the Franchise

  • Saw II
  • Swa III
  • Saw IV
  • Saw V
  • Saw VI
  • Saw VII

Saw II is said to be a worthy sequel with excellent performances by Wahlberg and Bell. The sadistic game that that was the backbone of the first part remains the main attraction here too. A group of vulnerable prisoners is held captive in a discarded house. They are warned to save themselves within two hours before a poisonous gas kills them. The son of detective Matthews also inhabits the house. Jigsaw strikes a deal with him, saying that the detective can save his son if the former chats with him. The awesome performances of the duo at once remind the audience of the legendary Hannibal Lecter.

Saw III is made by the duo James Wan and Leigh Whannell. Bell manages to deliver a stunning performance as Jigsaw, who this time plays the sadistic game through his loyal protégé Amanda. The same dark sinister approach seemed to have worked wonders with the audiences.

The menacing game continues again in Saw IV. Jigsaw’s elaborated traps lead two FBI agents to hunt him down after a tape is found in Kramer’s stomach during autopsy. As per the trend Bell stunning acting remains to be one of the positive features of the movie.

The following sequel attempts the discovery of the identity of the protégé of the notorious Jigsaw. The plot revolves around the desperate attempts of five hapless people trying to solve an intricate maze to save themselves.

The last and sixth sequel of the Saw portrays Costas Mandylor as Hoffman shows the continuation of Jigsaw legacy. Director Kevin Greater features this film around a vile health insurance executive who constructs a series of traps leading to brutal deaths.

The latest in this list is the addition of the 3D version of the movie. It shows the continuation of the sadistic game of Jigsaw, which is carried forward by his loyal Costas Mandylor. The film offers various intriguing traps with a touch of a twist. The additional flavor is added by Bell through the strategy of flash back, though his presence in the screen was for a very short time.

The film won several awards like

  • Golden Trailer Awards
  • Fantasporto, etc.


The Works of Jean-Loup Benét

The Wolf Hunter. Master’s Thesis novel. Seton Hill University. 2005. Advisors Michael A. Arnzen, PhD; Timons Esaias.

Short Stories:
“Scrum Buddies” – Sweaty Sex: An Anthology of Sports and Sex. Edited by Alexandra Rowan. Ravenous Romance. 2009.
“The Hide” – Vintage Moon. Edited by Nancy Jackson. RAGE Machine Books. 2006. (reprint)
“The Hide” – Hacker’s Source. Issue #16. June 2004. (reprint)
“Ask Dr. Occult: Advice for the Disturbed” – Hacker’s Source. Issue #15-18. Feb.-May, 2004 to 2005.
“Bennie the Happy Homicidal Axe Murderer” – Hacker’s Source. Issue #15. Feb.-May, 2004.
“Ask Dr. Occult: Advice for the Disturbed” – Hacker’s Source. Issue #14. Oct.-Dec. 2003.
“The Secret Spot” – Playgirl. May 2003.
“The Christmas Massacre” – Hacker’s Source Christmas newsletter. December 2002.
“The Hide” – Transformation Stories, Art, Talk. Issue #23. Aug./Sept. 2002.
“Hell’s Bells” – Hacker’s Source. Issue #10. August 2002.

“So, You Want to be a Werewolf?” – FATE. Vol. 55, no. 6, Issue 627. July 2002.
“Lobo-Hombres of Latin America” – Fang, Claw, & Steel. Issue #13. Winter 2002.
Rugby Spring Break article – Rugby. January 28, 2001
“Silva Mind Control Method: Key to Enlightenment or New Age Cult?”
– Psychology of Religion. Edited by Dr. Dick Mann, Prof Emeritus, Univ. of Michigan- Dept of Psych. Fall 1996.

Edited Works:
The Best of – Werewolf short story anthology booklet. Black Tail Press. Detroit, MI. March 2004.

“The Curse of the Wendigo” – seeking placement.

Samples of my creative non-fiction writings
Manna of an Icy God
The Allure of the Written Word

The Red Light District Fireside Chat. October 4, 2005. Transcript